Light Bulb Information

There are many different types of light bulbs and they all vary in different technologies, energy usage, amount of light produced and color of light produced.  There are Incandescent bulbs, Halogen Bulbs, Xenon Bulbs and LED bulbs just to name a few.  The type of bulb that you choose should reflect these factors when choosing your bulb.  Here are the different types of bulbs on the market today.


Light sources – The Different Types Of Bulbs


When Thomas Edison designed and invented the light bulb, he came up with the incandescent bulb.  The incandescent bulb works when the electric current conducts through a filament, causing it to glow.  The incandescent bulb is the most widely used and popular bulb used today because they are inexpensive and widely available but as more energy efficient choices enter the market, their popularity is starting to fade.

Incandescent bulbs emit a soft yellowish-white light that is produced in all directions.  They vary in wattage from about 15 to 150 watts.  There are newer versions on the market that produce a whitish, more neutral color than yellow.  You can get incandescent bulbs that are clear, frosted or colored and in a variety of colored glass.

Incandescent bulbs are good for standard light and for lighting for projects that require high levels of brightness although they are generally less energy efficient than other types of bulbs currently on the market.

Halogen bulbs

If you are searching for a bulb that will produce a bright, white light that has a longer life and provides more light per watt than regular incandescent bulbs, then the halogen bulb is just what you are looking for.  A halogen light actually replicates the color spectrum of the sun at mid-day and their small size makes them perfect for lighting used with a specific task.

In the beginning, halogen bulbs were unsafe because they burn hotter than other types of bulbs and thus required caution to use.  Today’s halogen bulbs however, have a reduced risk of fire because all bulbs sold today have strict safety shields, required by the government.  Because these bulbs burn hotter than others, it is recommended that when changing halogen bulb, one must wait some time after turning off so the bulb can cool and you can avoid burning yourself.  Never handle these bulbs with your bare hands.  When handling these, a clean rag will cut the risk of cutting yourself if the bulb breaks in your hand when turning and oils from your hand can cause the bulb to burn brighter after installation which will reduce the life of your bulb. 

When changing a halogen, be sure to wait until the bulb cools to the touch. Always use a clean rag to handle a halogen bulb, as oils from your hand will cause the bulb to burn hotter and can greatly reduce the life of your bulb.


Fluorescents use up to 40% less electricity and last up to 20 times longer than incandescent bulbs.

Today’s fluorescents will produce tones of light similar to those of incandescent, but will feel warmer.  The best part of Fluorescent bulbs today is that they can be used in place of incandescent bulbs in standard light sockets, making them a safer alternative to incandescent as well.

One of the drawbacks to fluorescent bulbs is that because they contain mercury, they must be disposed of properly so as not to harm the environment.  It is important to note that when using a fluorescent bulb in a standard socket, you must make sure that the fluorescent bulb will fit properly and not protrude from shade glass or fixture, causing a hazard.

Fluorescents emit light when the electric arc passes between cathodes to excite mercury and other gases.  This produces a radiant energy that is converted to visible light by a phosphor coating that lines the inside of the bulb. The larger ceiling fixtures that use long fluorescent tubes have electronic ballasts that allow them to turn on instantly and operate without hum.


Xenon bulbs

The white light of a Xenon bulb will be similar to that of a halogen bulb.  The advantage that a xenon bulb has is that it will have a much longer life, sometimes lasting as long as 21,000 hours, closely resembling the life of a fluorescent bulb.  Because the xenon bulb burns much less hot than a halogen bulb there is little risk associated with changing them out when they are exhausted.  These smaller bulbs are great for cove lighting, lighting that is needed under cabinets and for strip applications.  The three most popular designs for the xenon bulbs are festoon, wedge based bulbs and rigid-loop designs.

LED (Light Emitting Diodes)

An LED is a plastic capsule with a semiconductor embedded inside.  When voltage is applied to negatively charged semiconductors, the electrons combine to create a unit light.  LED units are sometimes combined to produce a single light bulb because they are so small.

LEDs have been popular in under-cabinet strips and some types of down lights, but with recent technological advances, they are being developed for more applications in the home.

In general, LED lighting is vastly more efficient and longer lasting than any other type of light source. To ensure that you are buying an LED bulb with high-quality color and energy efficiency that is as good or better than fluorescent bulbs, look for the Energy Star label.

Hopefully, this list of the types of bulbs available today helps you to select the one that is right and proper for your use.  If you have any questions regarding bulbs, you can contact us at the Lighting Expo for more information or the answers to your questions.  Please call today at 973.696.2185

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“Hanging Your Dining Room Chandelier” – Lighting Expo

How high you hang your beautiful chandelier makes ALL the difference!

One of the questions that we at Lighting Expo get from many DIY hangers is, how is a chandelier positioned and placed over a dining room table and how much room should you leave?  There are many answers to this question as the answer is not as universally agreed upon as universe lighting, but luckily there are many means by which to guide you through the process.  What you want to avoid however, is under sizing or over sizing the lighting of the chandelier above the eating area as this can lead to poor lighting and obstructions of view while enjoying time with your family.  That being said, our experience with the majority of our customers is that most tend to oversize rather than undersize and this is generally because many people do not take into consideration the design or space limitations associated with the furnishings in the room.

The basic rule of thumb for hanging chandeliers over a dining area  are that they are hung approximately five to five and a half feet off of the ground or more realistically, about 30” over the dining room table.  This is especially true if the piece you are hanging is a traditional or contemporary chandelier, but as with any rules of thumb, there are definite exceptions.  If the space you are working with has very high ceilings, than this rule will not apply.  A bowl type of chandelier will require a higher hang, necessitating a height of seven or more feet off of the ground.  The fact of the matter is that where the chandelier hangs over a table is critical to the design of a room and the larger the size room that you are working on the more flexibility you will have in the fixtures placement because there is more room to play with.

Achieving a light and fixture balance is very important and it is recommended that you leave a minimum of 12” of space on the table top unobstructed by the fixture.  In addition, the length of your table is where your size limitations will be determined.  If your dining room table is 64” long and 36” wide,  your light fixture should be only 24” wide.   When considering a fixture to be placed over a round table, the maximum size we would recommend would be 12” less than the diameter of the table.

Considering the weight of your furnishings of the room in addition to the above is equally important.  Are they heavy and require a more complimentary fixture?  How does the size of the chandelier affect the overall feel of the room and are there other visual limitations in the room such as windows or other obstructions.

In summary, there are ways to guide you through the process and many circumstances to consider when hanging your new chandelier, but taking into consideration the tips in this article will help you properly, both visually and practically, install that fixture, giving your family many years of properly lighted “family Time” together.

Lighting Expo, located in Wayne, N.J. and Freehold, N.J. has been serving the North Jersey area for the last 30 years.  We never fail to put the customer first and realize that any purchase you make with us has the potential to transform your home for the better.  Come in and visit our showrooms and let us help you find the exact furnishing that fits your home.  We can also be visited on the web at:

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How To Pick The Right Chandelier For Your Home Decor


Many home owners are always on the lookout for an effective way to add Beauty, sophistication, modern lighting and character their homes.  Nothing accomplishes this goal or transforms a room from a run of the mill living area to an elegant and functional space more than the beauty and functionality of a chandelier and the sky is the limit when it comes to choosing the right style or piece for your home.

Chandeliers all come in various sizes and designs – from beautiful modern chandeliers to simple yet elegant drum design. They are also available in many materials from basic textile designs to more stylish crystal chandeliers.  Regardless of how you will use a chandelier to alter your living area, you will find that the possibilities are endless and definitely worthy of consideration and planning before you purchase and then install your chandelier.

  • Glass Chandeliers

Are easily the most popular type of chandelier because of their aesthetic value and easier maintenance and cleaning.  Glass chandeliers allow the lights on the inside to shine brighter using the inherent quality of the glass to magnify the light.  Because glass can be molded into various attractive designs, it gives the home owner or designer the flexibility to be inventive and incorporate the room design into the selection of the chandelier.  Glass can also be colored to introduce a certain mood or aesthetic presentation.  The main advantage of glass chandeliers is that they are easy to maintain and clean.

are most commonly used in bedrooms and other smaller spaces where the designer is going for more focused light.  These types of Chandeliers are successful in eliminating the hardness in light and contributing to a more cozy and warm atmosphere.  Because these chandeliers are relatively easy to make they are also very affordable, which is why they are a very popular choice among homeowners on a budget.  In addition to the advantage of being less expensive, they are also very easy to install and perhaps even easier to replace.

  • Beaded Chandeliers

It can be said that most people consider chandeliers to be restricted and rigid structurally.  Beaded Chandeliers move in extremely soft motion, hanging and dangling as they move.  These chandeliers offer an individual style that cannot be found with other types of structures.  They are very popular with the homeowner going for a more “hip” look in their decor and tend to give a more comfortable aesthetic feeling in the home, as they are less formal in their appearance.

  • Crystal Chandeliers

When looking for pizzazz in your lighting décor, look no further than Crystal as it has the outstanding ability to make your light sparkle, making it the go-to choice in chandeliers.  The sparkle in crystal occurs when light passes through the crystal, refracting the light to create that unmistakable classic sparkle.  Able to tolerate very high temperatures, crystal is ideal for large areas and intense light.  As far as maintenance goes, crystal is also preferred because it is very easy to clean although it can be very time consuming to go through all of the crystals, which tend to be many.

  • Tiffany Chandeliers

One of the more popular kinds of chandeliers, Tiffany Chandeliers are available in many types of themes.  These chandeliers consist of copper foil holding together colored glass pieces.  The design of Tiffany Chandeliers are extremely bright, made to be eye-catching no matter you find them in a home.

  • Brass Chandeliers

Due to it’s long life and special durability, Chandeliers have long been made out of brass.  This material provides a rustic look.  Brass chandeliers can be found in older homes but also lacks the class and aesthetic appeal to be very complimentary in more modern homes as well.  In the opinion of many, brass chandelier’s best quality is the fact that it is naturally resistant to corrosion, making it a very low maintenance light fixture.  The one drawback home owners regularly lament with brass is the fact that keeping it attractive and polished requires more maintenance and upkeep than some of the other chandeliers mentioned here.

  • Capodimonte Chandeliers

The art of pottery is the birthplace of Capodimonte chandeliers, which are extremely aesthetic, more so than most fixtures.  The one drawback that exists is that producing them takes painstaking and laborious process.  Unfortunately, that adds to the cost factor of this type of Chandelier.  These chandeliers are characterized by the many arms that come to an end with an individual shade covering a narrow candle light. 

Victorian Chandeliers are extremely beautiful and usually very unique and do go very well with your older Victorian home furnishings and style homes.  The appeal that this type of chandelier’s possess is nothing short of majestic and tend to go very well in large space such as hotel lobbies, large banquet halls and large stately homes.

Depending on what you have in mind and what your list of requirements are will largely determine what the right style of Chandelier is right for your home’s décor and appearance and there are certainly many other styles than are listed here.  To see more styles and to browse our selection of chandeliers and other household lighting fixtures, please visit our web site HERE.   

Lighting Expo, located in Wayne, N.J. on Rt. 23 South is a very large showroom featuring a staggering amount of inventory and choices for all of your lighting needs.  Training consultants stand ready to give you all of the information and lighting advice that you may require, depending on your specific needs.  Please visit our showroom for more information or to browse our large collection without pressure.

Good luck in your quest for the perfect chandelier


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